Wood as a material creates a positive psychosomatic climate for humans
A wooden building, like any building, is the transformation of an architect's idea or artistic feeling into a real work in order to serve its user for as long as possible. Depending on the purpose of the construction, the material is chosen. One of the classic and you can say the first building materials is wood. Wood is a building material that can be processed relatively easily, has sufficient strength and, unlike other materials, is a natural material that creates a positive psychosomatic climate for humans.
To be objective - each material has its pros and cons. The negative properties of wood are mainly low biological resistance and the ability of wood to ignite and burn. However, these negative properties are also not given by wood. It's always a wood-man relationship. Wood does not degrade biotically if a person creates a microclimate that is suitable for his life and that is "also suitable for the life of wood". If it does not take care of the wood, it does not create a positive microclimate, the wood becomes wet and degrades biotically. So it is with the reaction to fire, with the ability to ignite and burn. As is the case with biotic degradation, so it is with the burning of wood - if a person is aware of this property of wood, he treats it in such a way as to eliminate the risks of fire, the wood can serve and fulfill the function that the user expects from it.
Modern construction systems for low-energy construction in the passive, zero standard, or energy-autonomous buildings, as well as the increased popularity of solid wood structures mean interventions in the structure itself, its statics, building physics, but also fire properties.
In 1989, the Commission and the EU Member States decided to recognize the Eurocodes and related regulations as reference documents for the following purposes:
as a means of demonstrating the conformity of buildings and civil engineering works with the essential requirements of Council Directive 89/106 / EHC, in particular the essential requirements:
no. 1 - Mechanical resistance, stability and basic requirements;
no. 2 - Fire safety;
as a basis for concluding construction contracts and related engineering services;
as a framework for the preparation of harmonized technical specifications for construction products.
The second essential requirement of the EU Construction Products Directive concerns the spread of fire and smoke and the load-bearing capacity of the structure. These requirements are met by demonstrating the fire resistance of load-bearing or dividing elements. The issue of fire protection is thus specifically defined for all types of buildings. Fire resistance becomes the decisive criterion, as it ultimately determines the material composition, spatial solution and fire safety measures.
prof. Ing. Jozef Štefko, PhD., Technical University of Zvolen, Faculty of Wood Science
JMP HOUSES s.r.o. & Design by Yarmila